We all know that access to abortion has a central role to play in a woman’s ability to play an equal role in society. Comprehensive women’s policy agendas have addressed this linkage by including policy reforms to improve access to reproductive health care and address other areas of a woman’s life, such as the workplace and economic concerns.
Starting in 2014, the National Institute conducted original public opinion research in New York, Pennsylvania, and Virginia to identify the links voters make between reproductive health and rights – especially abortion – and other policy issues, including those that directly affect the economic status of women and families.
We found that most Virginia voters agree that there is a link between access to abortion and women’s financial stability and equality. In addition to support for proactive abortion policies, large majorities of Virginia voters also agreed with the economic proposals included in the proposed Virginia Women’s Equality Agenda, such as stronger laws to ensure equal pay for equal work, making sure all workers get a minimum number of paid sick days, increasing the minimum wage, and protecting access to birth control.
Other key findings include:
- A large majority of Virginia voters support the proactive, abortion-specific proposals in their legislative agendas (67% support protecting a woman’s right to access safe and legal abortion care).
- About eight out of 10 Virginia voters supports women’s legislative agendas overall (79%).
- Voters say they are more likely to re-elect elected officials who support women’s agendas that protect access to reproductive health care, including abortion (70% in VA).
- Nearly seven in 10 voters (68% in VA) say laws that make it harder to access abortion can have a negative impact on a woman’s financial stability.
- Majorities of voters in each state say that a woman’s ability to control whether or when she has children is related to her financial stability (64% in VA) and is an important part of equality for women (57% in VA).
The Virginia poll was conducted June 10-15, 2015, among 801 registered voters statewide. It was administered by telephone, including landlines and cell phones. The margin of sampling error is ± 3.5 percentage points.
Read the full release here.
We found that large majorities of voters in each state support their state’s proposed legislative agenda around women’s issues. A majority of New York and Pennsylvania voters also support policies within these agendas that would specifically work to protect a woman’s right and access to abortion. This is not surprising given that a majority of voters in Pennsylvania and New York—like the country overall—supports the U.S. Supreme Court’s decision in Roe v. Wade. What is new, however, are findings that suggest voters recognize links between control over one’s reproductive health—including access to abortion—and financial stability and equal opportunities.
Some key findings include:
- Being a mother / caregiver is a top-of-mind factor that prevents women from having the same level of financial stability and opportunities as men (top response in PA; 2nd response in NY).
- Three-quarters of voters in each state say that a woman’s ability to control whether or when she has children is an important part of equality for women (81% in NY; 83% in PA) and is related to women’s financial stability (76% in NY; 72% in PA).
- Half of voters connect access to safe and legal abortion care to equal opportunities for women (55% in NY) and financial stability (50% in PA).
- The majority of Pennsylvania voters think that laws and restrictions that make it harder to access abortion can have a negative impact on women’s financial stability (62%).
- Majorities in Pennsylvania and New York are favorable toward the Roe v. Wade decision (78% in NY; 68% in PA) – which closely tracks with national polling on this issue.
- At least seven out of 10 voters in each state support the abortion-specific proposals in both legislative agendas (77% in NY support protecting abortion rights as decided in the Supreme Court case, Roe v. Wade; in PA, 82% support making sure politicians can’t force doctors to give patients medically inaccurate information about abortion, 73% support protecting spaces around entrances to reproductive health centers, and 71% support protecting decisions around abortion).
- At least eight out of 10 voters in each state supports women’s legislative agendas overall (84% in NY; 80% in PA).
- About three-quarters of voters prefer that their state’s legislative agenda include – rather than exclude – protections for abortion access (73% in NY; 76% in PA).
- Voters say they are more likely to reelect elected officials who support women’s agendas that protect access to reproductive health care, including abortion (68% in NY and PA).
The polls were conducted in late May among a representative sample of 802 registered voters in each state. It was administered by telephone, including landlines and cell phones. The margin of sampling error is + 3.5 percentage points for total results in each state.
Read the full release here.